U.S. colleges and universities have long been a magnet for international students seeking advanced doctorate degrees. But, is the U.S. able to retain this talent after they earn their Ph.D.’s?
Recent data shows that the answer is Yes –– although there’s a caveat: this data only tracks activity through 2007, just before the recession started.
In the aftermath of 9/11, the prevailing thought was that many foreigners who earned Ph.D.s in science and engineering in the U.S. would return to their native countries due to restrictions on immigrants and increased opportunities at home, especially in India and China. New data shows that the “stay rates” after 9/11 remain surprisingly strong: 62% of foreigners who earned their Ph.D.s in science and engineering in 2002 were still living in the United States in 2007. Of those who graduated in 1997, 60% continued to live and work in the U.S. in 2007. The data was compiled by the U.S. Energy Department’s Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education for the National Science Foundation.
The ability to attract and retain international students is important for two reasons. First, the students are increasingly important to the research conducted at U.S. universities and research facilities. The percentage of Ph.D.s awarded to foreigners in science and engineering has increased from 30% in 1997 to 46% in 2007. Second, they are even more important in the years following graduation. Foreigners comprise about 40% of all science and engineering Ph.D.s working in the U.S. –– providing much needed intellectual capital to spur innovation. “Our ability to continue to attract and keep foreign scientists and engineers is critical to…increase investment in science and technology,” said Oak Ridge analyst Michael Finn.
Graduates in the physical sciences and computer sciences are more likely to remain in the U.S. than other fields. Stay rates, however, vary by nationality. Oak Ridge’s data finds that Chinese and Indian students are more likely to live and work in the U.S. than students from Taiwan, South Korea or Europe. Among the 2002 graduates, 92% of the Chinese and 81% of the Indians remained in the U.S. in 2007 while only 41% of South Koreans and 52% of Germans stayed.
Will the stay rates remain at the same high level following the recession? It’s too early to tell, but Vivek Wadwha, executive in residence at Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering, believes that the stay rates will decline. Using social media like Facebook, Wadwha and several others questioned foreign students about their plans after earning degrees at U.S. institutions. Their results show that more than 50% of Indian students and 40% of Chinese students hope to return home within five years given the growing opportunities in their countries.
For some foreigners, the time spent here is an investment they do not want to waste. Joy Ying Zhang, now a research assistant professor at Carnegie Mellon’s Silicon Valley campus, does not plan to return to China. “I have spent ten years here already, it took me some time to get used to American life,” he said. Zhang added that returning to China would be “reverse culture shock.”
Zhang noted, however, that younger Chinese students have more options to study at home. “Life in China is getting better. There are research alternatives in China –– like Microsoft China. They can get good mentoring and advice there, instead of coming to the U.S.”
For now, the U.S. still appears to be drawing its fair share of the world’s students. The National Science Foundation reports that the number of foreign science and engineering students enrolled in graduate programs in the U.S. increased 8% in April 2009 from the previous year. Over 158,000 foreign students are studying in the U.S.
“U.S. Keeps Foreign Ph.D.s,” by David Wessel. The Wall Street Journal. January 27, 2010.
The U.S. Labor Department has released its list of the ten fastest–growing job categories for the next decade. While there are several high skill positions on this list, manufacturing jobs are noticeably absent.
Here’s the top ten list with percentage increase for each. Does your community have the educational providers in place to meet demand?
Biomedical engineers: 72%
Network systems/data communication analysts: 53%
Home health aides: 50%
Personal and home care aides: 46%
Financial examiners: 41%
Medical scientists: 40%
Physician assistants: 39%
Skin care specialists: 38%
Biochemists and biophysicists: 37%
Athletic trainers: 37%
“Ten hottest jobs for the next decade” by Henry Unger. The Atlanta Journal–Constitution. December 11,2009.
This is via Wisconsin Business Council on the C.O.R.E jobs legislation winding its way through the Wisconsin Legislature.
Committee passes C.O.R.E. Jobs Act
Madison (News Release) — The Wisconsin C.O.R.E. Jobs Act took another major step toward becoming law Thursday when it was passed unanimously by the Legislature’s Joint Committee on Finance. Senate Bill 409 was authored by Sen. Julie Lassa (D-Stevens Point), Sen. Pat Kreitlow (D-Chippewa Falls), Rep. Louis Molepske, Jr. (D-Stephens Point) and Rep. David Cullen (D-Milwaukee).
“This was an important vote, because it showed strong bipartisan support by members of both the Senate and Assembly,” said Sen. Lassa, who chairs the Economic Development Committee. “The urgent need to revive Wisconsin’s economy and create good-paying jobs is bringing all sides together over this bill.”
“The CORE Jobs Act is a critical part of our ongoing efforts to get Wisconsin’s economy back on track,” Sen. Kreitlow said. “Working with private sector leaders and economic development experts, we crafted a plan that will help bring jobs back to Wisconsin and spur the private investment necessary to grow our economy.”
The committee also approved an amendment that increased the incentives for venture funds to invest in new Wisconsin Businesses, and allows the Department of Commerce more flexibility in allocating job creation tax incentives and grants.
C.O.R.E. stands for Connecting Opportunity, Research and Entrepreneurism. The bill was structured
around three goals: Creating New Jobs and Businesses, Retaining and Building Existing Wisconsin
Businesses, and Educating and Training our Workforce. Provisions in the bill include:
Creating New Jobs and Businesses
- Expanding the Accelerate Wisconsin program by adding $3 million more in tax credits for 2010 to spur investment in Wisconsin companies with the credits increasing to $20 million a year thereafter.
The current amount of tax credits available each year is $5.5 million.
- Grants to help partner small and mid size businesses with research institutions, including the
University of Wisconsin comprehensive campuses, to commercialize new technologies faster.
- A micro-loan program to help entrepreneurs start their own small businesses.
- Support for a UW system-wide business plan competition similar to the one at UW-Madison.
- Funding a regulatory ombudsman to provide one-stop help with the state’s permitting and approval process.
Retaining and Building Existing Businesses
- An additional $1 million for the Wisconsin Development Fund, used to attract and retain businesses.
- Incentives help companies retool for green energy production or manufacturing.
- Grants to encourage companies to do Farmshoring – a development strategy that brings good jobs to rural areas of Wisconsin instead of sending these jobs overseas.
- The creation of the Wisconsin Business Intelligence System (WISBIS) to provide economic modeling data to regional economic development entities.
Educating and Training Our Workforce
- Adding more resources to the popular Advanced Manufacturing Skills Training program grant created in the economic recovery bill from earlier this year.
- Creation of an employee education investment tax credit. This credit will leverage new resources for skills training and career education by providing $2 million in incentives for businesses who pay university or technical college tuition for low-income employees.
- Increasing the capacity of the CAP Services Skills Enhancement Program, assisting low-wage earning workers to obtain additional training or education. Workers completing this program have seen an average annual income increase of $10,000.
The C.O.R.E. Jobs Act has been endorsed by the Wisconsin Business Council, Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce, the Wisconsin Economic Development Association, BioForward, the Wisconsin Technology Council, and the National Federation of Independent Businesses, along with entrepreneurs, investors and researchers.
“The widespread support C.O.R.E. has received from the business and investment community shows that this legislation will help stimulate Wisconsin’s economy and create good new jobs,” Lassa said. “It is my hope that the Senate and the Assembly will pass the bill in the coming weeks and that Governor Doyle will sign it into law by within the next few months.”
“I applaud the members of the Finance Committee for moving the bill along quickly and I look forward to seeing the full Senate pass the bill soon,” Sen. Kreitlow said.
Tuesday, February 23, 3 p.m.
ST. NORBERT COLLEGE TO HOST 8TH ANNUAL
FULL-TIME JOB AND INTERNSHIP FAIR
DE PERE: St. Norbert College will host its 8th annual Full-time Job and Internship Fair Tuesday, Feb. 23, from 3-5 p.m. in the gymnasium (2nd floor) of the Ray Van Den Heuvel Family Campus Center.
Employers seeking candidates for full-time and internship positions can register at http://www.snc.edu/career/employers/. The cost is $75 per table for private sector firms, and $37.50 for government and non-profit agencies.
Deadline to register is Feb.16th. For more details call (920)-403-3040 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
“Green Jobs.” We’ve been hearing a lot about those haven’t we? What *is* a green job? Have you wondered how your state is doing? To answer these questions comes the National Governor’s Association Center for Best Practices.
Definition of a “Green Job”
There are many different definitions for what constitutes a “green job.” This, along with a lack of standardized industry data on “green” products, services, and occupations, has resulted in the development of multiple methodological approaches for analyzing the green economy. The approach taken by Collaborative Economics in the link is based on quantifying the core green economic activity defined as business establishments that provide products and services that do the following:
- Provide alternatives to carbon-based energy sources;
- Conserve the use of energy and all natural resources; and,
- Reduce pollution (including GHG emissions) and repurpose waste.
WISCONSIN’S GREEN ECONOMY SUMMARY
The emerging green economy is diverse and widespread. To varying degrees, every state is witnessing growth in some green industry segment, and more often than not, this business growth is building off of existing strengths in the state. Familiar products and services are finding new uses or are taking new forms in response to new market demands. As policy makers implement new standards (e.g. building effiency standards, renewable portfolio standard), incentives and regulations, new business opportunities emerge to meet growing demand.
Analyzing a state’s green economy in terms of the scope of green business activity can reveal areas of comparative advantage, promising areas for R&D investment and workforce development, and opportunities for building partnerships within and across green industry segments. Additionally, as incentives and new regulations are introduced, this information reveals the extent of a state’s business base for meeting the coming demand for things such as highly efficiency appliances, renewable energy generation systems, high-efficiency building products, and low-emission fuels.
This analysis examines core green business activity and focuses on businesses that provide products and services that do the following:1 Provide alternatives to carbon-based energy sources Conserve the use of energy and all natural resources Reduce pollution (including GHG emissions) and repurpose waste.
In addition, this summary provides an initial view into innovation in the fields of clean and green technology. State trends in venture capital investment and patent registrations can provide some indication for areas of future business activity.
Green Business Activity
Wisconsin’s green economy summary displays a diverse array of green businesses with different levels of specialization. Compared with the national average, Wisconsin has a strong concentration of green business activity in Transportation and Energy Infrastructure (see Employment Concentration by Green Segment graph, commonly called a “bubble chart”). Areas of growing comparative advantage are in Green Building and Agriculture.
Each “bubble” represents one of the 15 green segments, and its size represents the employment size.2 (The 15 green segments are described in a detailed table below.) With nearly 4,000 jobs, Recycling & Waste accounts for the largest employment of Wisconsin’s green segments. Other green segments with high employment levels include Air & Environment (3,500 jobs), Energy Efficiency (2,800 jobs), and Water & Wastewater (2,550 jobs).
High employment concentration in a particular green segment indicates an area of strength and comparative advantage for a state. This means that the percentage of total employment in a particular segment is higher than the national average.3 For example, Wisconsin’s Transportation segment (which includes non-carbon fuels, vehicles and equipment) is 3.5 times more concentrated than the U.S. average, Energy Infrastructure is more than three-times as concentrated, and Energy Efficiency is twice as concentrated.
Between 1995 and 2007, some segments have witnessed a change in concentration either by becoming more specialized over time or diminishing in concentration. This change is displayed by the placement along the horizontal axis (i.e. x-axis). Of all green segments, Wisconsin’s employment concentration in Transportation increased the most from below the national average to 3.5 times the national average.
Wow. After a bit of a frustrating experience our blog is obviously working again! As you’ve noticed, I’ve been unable to load links since we set up this new blog and finally, after a month of trying to fix it, I finally deleted my entire blog database (*shudders*) and started over again. Yes, new theme too! My theme I’d JUST selected doesn’t work with this version but this one does have our logo colors so its all good.
If you tried to find us earlier today and couldn’t, I share your “WHAT?! Where did they go?” thoughts, I’d feared I wouldn’t be able to finish in time. But! Yahoo!! Or, uh … WordPress!
I’ll go back through previous posts and fix those links now instead of having the link listed in the blog post.
AND! And announcement! Mark Hubert has joined us here at the Chamber as our Events Coordinator. I posted the opening last week and he responded with exactly the qualifications, experience and attitude that I was looking for. Blogs rock!! *wOOt*
Mark is still working with Venture Commercial doing their marketing coordination, but he will be busily working for our events & members and the interests of De Pere. He lives right here in town and loves De Pere! (bonus!) His experience includes stints with Bluprint Publishing out of Appleton and Cumulus Broadcasting. Welcome Mark!!
Speaking of events… our Pelicans & Walleyes on the Streets: a Public Art Extravaganza committee is meeting for just the second time. If you are interested in arts, culture, parties or just plain fun – this is the group for you. Tomorrow, noon, here at the Chamber office, 441 Main Ave., De Pere (inside Chase Bank building).
Today is a bit of a mix! WordPress is being crabby and not letting me post links as links themselves, it will also be a bit longer than I prefer.
*hey! Yes, you in the peanut gallery. ssshhhhhh on the “yeah right” to me talking a lot*
The open positions:
Are you interested in being part of a growing, vibrant, exciting organization working in support of a city and community? Are you outgoing, committed and understand the connection between community and business? Do you have 20+ hours per week to trade for exceptional income and great fun?
The Chamber is recruiting for two roles:
- an experienced outside sales person! The DPACC is taking applications for an experienced sales person to join our Membership Development team. This full-commissioned position will serve to grow Chamber membership, present advertising & marketing opportunities to our members and expand the base of the organization through sponsorships and partnerships.
- an event eoordinator postion involving the planning and execution of a number of major events for the organization including recruiting & managing of volunteers/volunteer committees to assist with the planning & execution of the event, soliciting sponsors and donations, coordinating the marketing & public relations toward the success of the event. This base plus commission position requires a highly organized, personable and unflappable personality.
Send resumes to Cheryl Detrick at email@example.com
Next! Another of my favorite places goes smoke free!!
The Kress Inn, an Ascend Collection hotel, went 100 percent smoke free as of Nov. 1. The 46-room hotel made the move prior to the statewide smoking ban that is scheduled to take effect July of 2010.
“The majority of our guests have been requesting a smoke-free environment, and the only way to fully accommodate that request was to make our hotel 100 percent smoke-free,” said Pat Olejniczak, director of sales and hotel services.
“The final smoking ban law might allow hotels to have a certain percentage of smoking rooms, but regardless of that outcome, we wanted to be sensitive to the majority of our guests’ needs and provide an entirely smoke-free facility. So far the response from our guests has been overwhelming positive. Additionally, we will also have designated exterior smoking areas that can accommodate those guest who wish to smoke,” Olejniczak concluded.
The Kress Inn, an Ascend Collection hotel through Choice Hotels®, owned and operated by St. Norbert College, was built in 2001. For more information contact Olejniczak at firstname.lastname@example.org or 920-403-3968. You can also visit The Kress Inn web site at www.kressinn.com.
The 2008-09 Wisconsin Main Street annual report is now online(http://commerce.wi.gov/CD/docs/CD-bdd-WMSreport08-09.pdf)
A few interesting stats: for the period of 1988-2009 Return on Investment (ROI)
Estimated real estate taxes generated by building rehabilitations and new buildings $ 93,722,186
Estimated state sales taxes generated by new business $262,860,000
Estimated state income taxes generated by new job $122,737,306
Return for every state dollar invested through Wisconsin Main Street Program $ 46.33
Return for every local dollar invested through local Main Street organizations $ 12.50
Return for every state and local dollar combined invested through Main Street $ 9.84
Dollars invested locally in Community & Economic Development programs pay real dividends and the absolute epitome of “give a man a fish, you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.” When community organizations are seeking financial support in these strained times, remember – they do more than provide food or housing, they create JOBS so that individuals can provide their OWN food and housing!